Week 4 : Unit 7&6 Trimester 2

During this week we had focused back onto visuals through the use of lighting and colour correction but into more depth, there was more to these subjects to think about than I originally thought such as what direction the light should be? if so why and what would it make the audience see or feel.

First of all we looked back on what went wrong and what didn’t throughout our Hallo projects and this is what I found out.

I used more natural lighting throughout my Hallo project rather than artificial.

Artificial lighting was only used when lighting up the clock so then there is more detail shown and in some of the quick shots I also used a small led light just to not create a shadow as the weather and brightness of the sun was changing quite a lot on that day.

I mainly used artificial lighting to emphasize a specific object within the scene so then the viewer can focus on that object in the foreground instead of the background.

Uses of lighting:

  • Illumination
  • Mood
  • Guide our attention
  • texture and shape

There are two types of shadows that are created or shown within a scene.

Attached shadows which is connected to the character

example image:

Cast shadow – To give certain feel for the scene to combine light and shadow together can set the scene.

Quality of the light –

  • Hard – Clearly define shadow/light and dark areas
  • Soft light – soft shadows, indirect or indistinct lighting
  • Harsh extreme differences between light and dark areas, high-contrast image.

Direction – This is based on where the light is placed within the scene.

Frontal light

Sidelight (left/right)

Backlight

Under light

Top light

Source: This is focused on where the light is coming from.

Artificial – Using artificial lights consist of bulbs,glow sticks,manmade light sources and a diode.

Natural – Fire, sun, moonlight e.g a source in which gives off light naturally.

Temperature  – This is quite a significant thing to focus on within lighting as this could suggest the era of where the film is set in or the theme of the scene.

The Kelvin scale

Orange

Tungsten (3600k)

Daylight (5600k)

Fluorescent (5400k)

Blue

White Balance

this is to equal out the colour through the camera as the image or scenery could be to blue so you would have to compromise it with the daylight setting on a camera the same with if you’re in an interior location you will need to use tungsten setting as this gives off more warmer colours.

As well as using different lights like artificial and natural within a scene you could also use furniture or props within a shot such as the light of a projector or lamp as this is still a source in which gives of light.

Reasons for using light

By using these types its creates more of a reality and it won’t look like it been forcley put in the background.

Low key light – this is what they used within the genre film noir to highlight specific areas within a scene as within the objective of film noir is usually filmed in black and white.

3 point lighting in Artificial and Natural lighting

Through recapping on how the different concepts of lighting has came into practice by showing how to use it and where the 3 point lighting is placed.

first of all we got into groups of 5 so then we needed to represent key lighting, backlight and fill light whether that is by another light or a reflector. We had to do the example with artificial and natural light. There were a few difficulties with the artificial lighting as we used … lights in which one light didn’t work and then we changed it and the barn doors on the lights weren’t steady enough or strong enough to hold them in place.

However, on the third change-over they finally worked by using gloves to protect our hands from the heat as these lights are more exposed to heat than the led panels we usually use. Through this, we continued setting up lighting and try to get the shot we need for each example whether that is closing or opening up the barn doors even more. Another example of this is as there were two groups in the same place the lights did sometimes reflect of from the other shoot that was happening however what we could have done is either make more room by moving the chairs or set up further away from the other lights.

When we looked at the images after we had noticed that on the first one although we used all of the lights there was still shadow in which we could have using a reflector for. So that is something I will learn from the next task.

Artificial lighting

  1. This was just by using a key light which was placed on the right of the subjects face.

img_8421

2. Backlight – This is an example of using a fill and backlight

img_8422

3. This image shows just using a reflector and key light

img_8425

Natural lighting

For this part of the task, we used Natural lighting which was a good time to go as the sun was about to set so this meant it gave out a hard light to the subject.However, nearer the end we did have difficulties with having minimum light as explained the sun was setting.But we didn’t face as many problems than the Artificial lighting.

1 a – This was with Natural light just by using the backlight and for this case, it was the glare of the sun we used just to highlight the outline so then it looks like it separated out from the background.

backlight

2a – As the sun was setting there was less light however we used a led light so then we could try to balance it out this was with the backlight, key light and fill light. However, there was still a shadow on the subjects face. So next time I would have used a second artificial light (led panel) so then it could reflect onto the reflector which may add more light to it.

everything.JPG

3a : This one is just focused on the key light it does add a bit more light to the subject surprisingly although there is only one type of light featured in this shot.key-light

Colour correction –

Colour correction …..

The task

For this task, we had to analyze 3 scenes out of 3 of films that we are familiar with by answering questions such as what type of light was used? What effect was the director of photography looking for?So I had chosen 3 of my favorite films and scenes which show the contrast of colour correction and lighting.

The imposter (2012)

My first scene is from the thriller/documentary

This scene is when Fredric Bourdin walks into High school pretending to be the missing person Nicholas Barclay.

Within this scene, there is a mix of Natural and artificial lighting for the windows at the end of the corridor.With using the color balance of having blue colors at the end of the corridor and warm colors closer to the camera.

From analyzing the scene it looks like the light of the left side of the face as well as using tungsten light on the top to create more of a shadow when he is wearing his cap as well as the natural light within the background. Fill and backlighting creating a hard light with the use of the shadow on his face.

I believe that the director of photographers Lynda Hall and Erick Wilson was trying to make the scene reasonably dramatic by only focusing on Fredric rather than anyone else and everything is dull all around him apart from at the end of the corridor.It expresses the emotions of the character in how mysterious he really is.

the-imposter-70_imp_frederic_school_corridor_540_306_crop

(Film 4 Productions, 2012)

Beetlejuice (1998)

The next scene I had chosen was from Tim Burtons Beetlejuice where Lydia Is forced to marry Beetlejuice so then he can live in the real world instead of in the afterlife.

Within this scene, there are a lot of dark lighting in the background which allows the audience to focus on the characters rather than what’s happening behind them.With also using a various amount of lighting such as using the blue light in the background as a backlight for Beetlejuice on the left and added more reflection to Lydia’s face.There is also one side light on the right of them by having only a shadow on both of the left sides of they’re faces so there was also a reflector used or if not a low light as it only highlights what they are wearing and the right side of their faces.

All of this was Artificial lighting as it is too much of a dark environment to use natural lighting in and they most likely used very harsh lighting as the shadows are very noticeable.

beetlejuice-32630-e1456511857415

 

(Geffen Company, 1998)

Now you see me (2013)

This is the scene where they begin to introduce the 4 horsemen in where one of the main characters atlas shows a card trick to the audience of when he was a street magician.

Describe what type of light the was used:

Hard light as there shows quite a darkened shadow towards the right of the characters face, with the light design have the key light at a degree on the side of the face with using a reflector on the right side to fill in some of the shadow of the hand and pack of cards as there is still light immersed in the background of this scene.

Cinematographer’s Larry Fong and Mitchell Amundsen I believe they wanted to give the character seem enticing feeling to the audience as this is a film about that as it is focused on magic and tricking the audience and as this was used to be a part of the introduction it needs to have a mystic feel to make the audience wonder who these people are or what are they doing.

How it went:

This was the image I had chosen to replicate,however, the only problem with it was that I had pointed the light in the wrong direction as the shadow on his face although we used 2 lights and a reflector for the fill light at an angle we used a second light so then we can use that for the light to bounce off from the reflector as well as using an orange gel onto the led panel as this uses artificial light rather than natural although there was a group of six people in which we had to put into the right light settings and exposure for the camera and scene that each of us picked it did go pretty well.incomparison to the start in which took around 30 minutes to get the hang of what we needed to do as we were setting up for jesses scene but after that, we did begin to get used to moving the lights around the setting. Another problem but found a solution was the exposure as we tried to alter the shutter speed however it didn’t work but then from this our tutor helped us by explaining it was the exposure of the camera so we altered the settigs on the camera to adjust the amount of light coming into the lens.

 

Here is the final result:

img_1906
Replica
now-you-see-me
Original :

(Summit Entertainment, 2014)

Social media report:

 

Instagram:

23/01/17

posts 6 – followers 30

Week 2 project (Audio clip)

4 views- 4 likes

Caption: 🎬🎥NEW!Here’s a short audio clip that I created within college which is based on the children story Billy Goat Gruff which all audio is was created by my team and I.

Hashtags used: #videooftheday #video #shortfilms #shortfilm #audio #audiobook #goat #filmstudent #billygoatgruff #youtube #filmstudent #mediastudent #comment #feedback #student

Overall look at my post

I believe that I do need to improve on tagging or mentioning people within the film industry more to promote my posts more than I do with just using the hashtags. As well as posting more onto the account rather than just one project within that week as this will gain more promotion for my projects.

Twitter: 23/01/17

I had no replies or reactions from promoting a short audio clip within college

Hashtags : #film#filmstudent#Audio

However, I did get a few messages from people:

Gareth J.Rubery: who is a composer for film scores and messaged me about if I want to use any of his work on my films.

Overall I didn’t get much reaction from twitter as I would have liked this maybe because not using enough hashtags or tagging enough people in so I will try next week with my solutions to my problems and see if they may work.

Harvard referencing:

Beetlejuice. (1998).  America: Tim Burton.

Film 4 Productions, (2012). Adam O’ Brain as Frederic Bourdin in The Imposter. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/film/2012/aug/18/imposter-frederic-bourdin-identity-theft [Accessed 27 Jan. 2017].

Geffen Company, (1998). BeetleJuice Wedding. Available at: http://www.fangoria.com/new/nyc-bbq-films-invites-you-to-a-beetlejuice-wedding/ [Accessed 26 Jan. 2017].

Now you see me. (2013). Santa Monica,Calif: Louis Leterrier.

Summit Entertainment, (2014). Jessie Eisenberg Now you see me Card trick. Available at: http://fandemoniumnetwork.com/now-3%E2%80%B2-coming/ [Accessed 4 Nov. 2014].

The Imposter. (2012). London: Bart Layton.

 

 

 

 

 

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