Slating – What is slating?
Slating is another word for a clapper board, this is used for many purposes such as for cutting sound and to mark in and out of the video as well a slate can also be useful to make everyone aware that the shoot is about to start.
How to use a slate there are many labels on here which each have a different meaning too:
Production – this is the name of the production you are shooting.
Scene – this is labelled a scene one but if there are various shots in the scene you would add a letter onto it and it will go down alphabetical. However, try to not use the letters i and o as these can get mixed up with the numbers 1 and 0.
Roll- this is for the different cameras so what camera they are shooting on for that specific scene so for example camera a.
Date : What date the production shoot was on.
MOS – Which means mute of sound so it’s not recording on a separate device or needed to be used.
Sync- This is to show that the audio is being recorded separately so you would need to sync the sound when in the editing suite or stage.
Production company – What the distribution company maybe (Warner bros or Lions gate e.g )
Director – There can be different people on set that can be multiple directors so you write in the name of whoever is in charge.
Cameraman – As in the roll it shows what camera you will be shooting on but also the name of the cameraman.
Time code : Now days most slates have the time code digitally built in so if we didn’t have this time code we couldn’t been able to sync it in when editing it.
Before the word action:
There are servile things to do before the director shouts action,
The director needs to check if everything is ready if not there maybe some errors if there isn’t any communication.
Here are the directions that should happen on set.
Director “Camera ready”
Camera man “ready”
Director “Sound ready”
Sound engineer “Ready”
Director “Quiet on set, take places”
Director “camera rolling”
Camera man “rolling”
Director “sound rolling”
Sound engineer “rolling”
Director counts in”3,2,1 Action”
when the director feels like there is something wrong or the scene needs to end he will either go “cut” , “Slate it”, “Break on set” after those words the slater with a tail head so the clapperboard goes the opposite way up than they started with. make sure it is half open and smoothly removed with only hands showing.
The task :
What did you learn :
There was a lot to learn from the first go at practicing for slating. As the main aim for the task was to show the different between a tail slate and a head slate. With having five people per a production team so then the jobs are more equal such as director, Sound, camera, slater, and actor so then the video will go as planned.
How it went :
In my opinion, the team and I should have planned the scene and straight away know what each of our roles would be before the shoot. As I think it was more so the communication within the sound that didn’t work as well as it could have. However, we attempted it again and this time it worked much better with the communication and the roles we all knew straight away.However, there was a challenge to overcome which was only have 3 people with five different roles this was because one of them had other work to do and another was in maths whilst we were doing the task. So, I was the cameraman and sound at the same time and the others were actors or the clapboard. However, the sound didn’t work when it went on to the editing process the sound was to quite with the grain of the volume was to low which wasn’t hitting the 12 scale on the audio. Another thing we came a crossed was the clapperboard when using it to show a example of a tail slate when using the one with no sound it didn’t work as well as with the slate on the sound section the person wrote my name instead of mos or sync.On continuation from this I learnt so much from having 3 re takes of the various videos for the slating task another error amongst the third retake we still had many mistakes although we worked well as went through the script and words through what a director in the industry does.
Clapperboard part 1 with sound :
Clapperboard Part 1 without sound :
Here is the second attempt (with sound)
Clapper board part 2 (without sound) :
Second tail slate :
Head slate :
The next task we had done was to practice lighting and how we use it whether that was through a large led panel to a small led panel this is so then we understand the different ways we can all show our knowledge on if we use it for a backlight, key light or fill light as these all have different reasons why we use them in certain positions as learnt in week two on lighting.
How the task went :
The task went really well as the group was mixed up a bit with people I would never of thought to work with however, I found out they were a really great bunch of people and we all knew what we were doing and getting tips from our tutor in how to improve the lighting as the location was interior and there was no natural lighting. Overall there were not many challenges faced only to make sure its was all in focus and that we represented each shot as a key light, fill light and backlight these are the main elements on a 3 point lighting structure that is usually used in film shoots.
Here are the examples :
The first example here is called a key light this is where the light shows and picks up all of the details rather than just some this position is mainly focused onto the front of the frame or scene rather than on the side.
Backlight you straightaway know if it’s the backlight as it focuses more on the light of the hairline rather than the facial features.
Key light – This is usually used as the main source so then it won’t cause any shadow if used with all three or will without as this is usually positioned on the front of the subject as you can see from both of these pictures on was used with blue gel and red gel which was overlaid onto the led light used to produce these photos.